Pros and Cons of Hormone Replacement Therapy for Hot Flashes

Pros & Cons of Hormone Replacement Therapy for Hot Flashes

Hot flashes are a form of flushing, often caused by changing hormone levels before, during, and after menopause. Rapid heartbeat, a sudden feeling of warmth, feelings of anxiety, and perspiration are among the symptoms of hot flashes.

According to research, women who have hot flashes may have an increased risk of heart disease and greater levels of bone loss. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may remove/reduce some of the symptoms of menopause. However, taking hormones isn`t risk-free. In this article, we’ll take a look at menopause, HRT, and hot flashes.

Basis of Hormone Therapy

HRT and hot flashes are two associated menopause-related subjects. The menopausal transition affects the normal function of the ovaries. Therefore, the production of hormones such as estrogen & progesterone decline over time. HRT regulates the levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body.

Estrogen-only therapy (ET) and combined estrogen plus progestogen therapy (EPT) are two basic types of HRT. ET can be prescribed for women without a uterus (due to hysterectomy). In contrast, estrogen plus progestogen therapy can be prescribed for women with a uterus to prevent cancer.

Pros & Cons of Hormone Therapy

Relieving menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, etc., reducing the risk of colon cancer, preventing bone loss (osteoporosis), and reducing fractures are among the benefits of HRT in menopausal women.

Blood clots, stroke, heart disease, gallbladder disease, uterine lining growth, and breast cancer are associated with hormone therapy. Age, type of hormone therapy, and health history are factors that increase/decrease risks associated with HRT.

Women suffering from stroke, heart attack, liver disease, and endometrial cancers, those who think they’re pregnant or may become pregnant, and women who have had allergic reactions to hormone medications should avoid HRT. 

On the other hand, those who have moderate to severe hot flashes, need to prevent bone loss/fractures, experience early menopause, have an estrogen deficiency, and are up to the age of 59 can benefit from hormone therapy.

Women should carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages unique to their personal health history. HRT can be utilized to treat symptoms of menopause but only on a limited basis.

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