What are the 5 warning signs of prostate cancer?

What are the 5 warning signs of prostate cancer

Key Takeaways:

Certain indications are : 

    • Increased frequency, difficulty starting or stopping urine flow, weak flow, or feeling of incomplete emptying.
    • Presence of blood in urine (hematuria) or semen (hematospermia).
    • Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection.
    • Painful urination, ejaculation, or in the pelvic area, lower back, or hips.
    • Significant and unintentional weight loss without any apparent cause.

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer: What Every Man Should Know

Are you familiar with the signs of prostate cancer? As men, it is crucial to be aware of potential warning signs and take proactive steps to prioritise our health. Prostate cancer is prevalent among men, but early detection can significantly improve treatment outcomes. This comprehensive guide will delve into the first signs of prostate cancer, common symptoms, stages of the disease, available treatments, and essential information that every man should know. By understanding these key aspects, you can empower yourself with the knowledge to make informed decisions regarding your health and seek prompt medical attention, if necessary.

First Signs of Prostate Cancer

Identifying the initial warning signs of prostate cancer is essential for early detection and timely intervention. The following are the primary signs to watch out for:

Frequent Urge to Urinate : 

If you need to urinate more often, especially at night, it may be an early indication of prostate cancer. Pay attention to any sudden changes in your urinary habits.

Difficulty Initiating or Stopping Urination: 

Struggling to start urination or experiencing trouble stopping the flow may be a sign of prostate cancer. If you notice such difficulties, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional.

Weak or Interrupted Urine Flow: 

If you observe a weakened urine flow or experience interruptions while urinating, it could be a symptom of prostate cancer. Any persistent changes in your urinary stream should not be ignored.

Pain or Burning Sensation: 

A burning sensation during urination or ejaculation may indicate prostate cancer. If you experience discomfort in these areas, seeking medical advice for proper evaluation is essential.

Blood in Urine or Semen: 

Blood in your urine or semen should never be disregarded. It can be a potential sign of prostate cancer and warrants immediate attention from a healthcare provider.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms:

In addition to the initial warning signs, prostate cancer may present with other symptoms as the disease progresses. It is vital to be aware of these symptoms and consult a healthcare professional if you experience any of the following:

Increased Urination Frequency: 

A heightened need to urinate frequently, especially at night, could be a symptom of prostate cancer. If you notice a significant change in your urinary frequency, discussing it with your doctor is essential.

Urination Difficulties: 

Prostate cancer may cause difficulty in urination, such as an inability to urinate or a sensation of incomplete bladder emptying. These symptoms should not be ignored and require medical evaluation.

Persistent Pain: 

Chronic lower back, hips or pelvis pain can indicate advanced prostate cancer. If you experience ongoing discomfort in these areas, seeking medical attention for a proper diagnosis is crucial.

Erectile Dysfunction: 

Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, also known as erectile dysfunction, can be a symptom of prostate cancer. If you are experiencing persistent difficulties with sexual function, consult with a healthcare professional.

Unexplained Weight Loss or Fatigue: 

Sudden and unexplained weight loss and persistent fatigue can be signs of advanced prostate cancer. If you experience significant weight loss without changes in your diet or lifestyle or constantly feel exhausted, it is important to consult a doctor.

Swelling in Legs or Pelvic Area: 

In rare cases, prostate cancer may cause leg or pelvic swelling. If you notice any unusual swelling, it is crucial to seek a medical evaluation to determine the cause.

Prostate Cancer Stages:

Understanding the different stages of prostate cancer can help guide treatment decisions and provide insights into the progression of the disease. The stages of prostate cancer are typically classified as follows:

Stage I: 

Cancer is related to the prostate gland and is usually small and slow-growing. At this stage, it is highly treatable and has a favourable prognosis.

Stage II: 

Cancer remains within the prostate but may be larger than in Stage I. Treatment options are still available, and the chances of successful outcomes are generally good.

Stage III: 

The cancer spreads beyond the prostate to nearby tissues. At this stage, treatment becomes more extensive and may involve additional therapies.

Stage IV: 

The cancer metastasizes to distant organs, such as bones, lymph nodes, or other body parts. Advanced treatments are typically employed to manage the disease and improve quality of life.

It is important to note that the stage of prostate cancer can only be accurately determined by a healthcare professional through various diagnostic tests.

Treatments for Prostate Cancer:

Prostate cancer treatment options are diverse and depend on various factors, including the stage and aggressiveness of the cancer, personal preferences and overall health. Treatment approaches may include:

Active Surveillance 

For low-risk prostate cancer, active surveillance involves regular monitoring of the cancer’s progression without immediate treatment. This approach is suitable for patients with slow-growing tumours who wish to avoid active treatment’s potential side effects.


Prostatectomy is a common treatment option for localized prostate cancer. The process involves the surgical removal of the prostate gland. Different surgical techniques are available, including open surgery and minimally invasive procedures like laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgery.

Radiation Therapy

High-energy beams are used to target and destroy cancer cells in radiation therapy. It can be administered externally through a machine or through small radioactive seeds implanted near the tumour.

Hormone Therapy

Prostate cancer is often hormone-dependent, which relies on male hormones, such as testosterone, to grow. Hormone therapy aims to reduce or block the production of these hormones or inhibit their effects on cancer cells.


Chemotherapy utilizes powerful drugs to kill cancer cells. It is typically used in advanced stages of prostate cancer. In this stage, the disease has spread to other body parts.


Immunotherapy aims to stimulate the body’s immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells. It is a newer treatment option being researched and developed for prostate cancer.

It would help if you thoroughly discussed treatment options with your healthcare to determine the most suitable approach based on your situation.


Knowledge of the warning signs of prostate cancer is of utmost importance for every man. By recognizing the initial signs, understanding common symptoms, familiarizing oneself with the stages of the disease, and exploring available treatment options, individuals can take proactive steps toward maintaining their health. Early detection plays a vital role in successfully managing